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The Greatest Scientists

By Ranking

By Country

By Name

By Genre

By Year

Contact

1 - 10 - ... - 541 - 550 - 551 - 560 - 561 - 570 - 571 - 580 - 581 - 590 - 591 - 600 - 601 - 610 - 611 - 620 - 621 - 630 - 631 - 640 - 641 - 650 - ... - 971 - 980

#: 591 - 600

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
591 Grace_Hopper_1753.jpg
Grace Hopper



Computer science

Pioneered work on the necessity for high-level programming languages, which she termed automatic programming, and wrote the A-O compiler, which heavily influenced the COBOL language. (1952)
592 Cuthbert_Hurd_1754.jpg
Cuthbert Hurd



Computer science

Helped the International Business Machines Corporation develop its first general-purpose computer, the IBM 701. (1952)
593 Kenneth_E._Iverson_1755.jpg
Kenneth E. Iverson



Computer science

Assisted in establishing the first graduate course in computer science (at Harvard) and taught that course; invented the APL programming language and made contribution to interactive computing. (1954)
594 Jacek_Karpinski_1757.jpg
Jacek Karpinski



Computer science

Developed the first differential analyzer that used transistors, and developed one of the first machine learning algorithms for character and image recognition. Also was the inventor of one of the first minicomputers, the K-202. (1973)
595 Alan_Kay_1758.jpg
Alan Kay



Computer science

Pioneered many of the ideas at the root of object-oriented programming languages, led the team that developed Smalltalk, and made fundamental contributions to personal computing. (1970)
596 Stephen_Cole_Kleene_1759.jpg
Stephen Cole Kleene



Computer science

Pioneered work with Alonzo Church on the Lambda Calculus that first laid down the foundations of computation theory. (1936)
597 Donald_Knuth_1760.jpg
Donald Knuth



Computer science

Wrote The Art of Computer Programming and created TeX. (1968)
598 Leslie_Lamport_1761.jpg
Leslie Lamport



Computer science

Formulated algorithms to solve many fundamental problems in distributed systems (e.g. the bakery algorithm). Developed the concept of a logical clock. (1974)
599 Sergei_Alekseyevich_Lebedev_1762.jpg
Sergei Alekseyevich Lebedev



Computer science

Independently designed the first electronic computer in the Soviet Union, MESM, in Kiev, Ukraine. (1951)
600 J._C._R._Licklider_1765.jpg
J. C. R. Licklider



Computer science

Began the investigation of human-computer interaction, leading to many advances in computer interfaces as well as in cybernetics and artificial intelligence. (1960)

Last updated: 2017-06-25

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