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#: 181 - 190

# اسم
سنة
بلد
علم
الإنجازات
181 Carlo_Rubbia_207.jpg
Carlo Rubbia

1934-
إيطا
فيزياء

contributed to experiments that led to the discovery of the carriers (W± and Z°) of the weak interaction
182 Ludvig_Faddeev_208.jpg
Ludvig Faddeev

1934-
روسي
فيزياء

made many theoretical contributions in quantum field theory and mathematical physics; developed the Faddeev equation in connection with the three-body system
183 Claude_Cohen-Tannoudji_217.jpg
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

1933-
فرنس
فيزياء

developed methods, with his colleagues, of using laser light to cool helium atoms to a temperature of about 0.18 µK and capturing the chilled atoms in a trap
184 Heinrich_Rohrer_218.jpg
Heinrich Rohrer

1933-
سويس
فيزياء

co-designed the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), a type of microscope in which a fine conducting probe is held close the surface of a sample
185 Jeffrey_Goldstone_219.jpg
Jeffrey Goldstone

1933-
الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
فيزياء

contributed to understanding the role of massless particles in spontaneous symmetry breaking (Goldstone bosons)
186 Steven_Weinberg_223.jpg
Steven Weinberg

1933-
الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
فيزياء

co-developed gauge field theory of the electroweak interaction
187 Pierre-Gilles_de_Gennes_224.jpg
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

1932-2007
فرنس
فيزياء

developed theories in condensed matter physics applicable to liquid crystals and polymers
188 Tullio_Regge_235.jpg
Tullio Regge

1931-
إيطا
فيزياء

developed the theory of Regge trajectories by investigating the asymptotic behavior of potential-scattering processes through the analytic continuation of the angular momentum to the complex plane
189 Burton_Richter_238.jpg
Burton Richter

1931-
الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
فيزياء

carried out an experiment leading to the discovery of charmonium
190 George_E._Smith_247.jpg
George E. Smith

1930-
الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية
فيزياء

co-invented the CCD (charge-coupled device)

آخر تحديث : 2018-01-19

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