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# 名称

国家
科学
Ƈ
41 Johann_Carl_Friedrich_Gauss_1371.jpg
Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss

1777-1855

物理, 数学

formulated separate electrostatic and electrodynamical laws, including ``Gauss' law'';
42 Wilhelm_Rontgen_1391.jpg
Wilhelm Rontgen

1845-1923

物理

discovered and studied x rays
43 Erwin_Schrodinger_1408.jpg
Erwin Schrodinger

1887-1961
奥地利
物理

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; formulated the Schrödinger wave equation
44 Werner_Heisenberg_1423.jpg
Werner Heisenberg

1901-1976

物理

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; introduced the ``uncertainty principle'' and the concept of exchange forces
45 Pythagoras_1558.jpg
Pythagoras

-570-495
希腊
数学,

Pythagorean theorem
46 John_von_Neumann_1500.jpg
John von Neumann

1903-1957
匈牙利
物理, 数学, 计算机科学

formulated a fully quantum mechanical generalization of statistical mechanics
47 Pierre-Simon_Laplace_1634.jpg
Pierre-Simon Laplace

1749-1827
法国的
天文学, 数学,

made important mathematical contributions to differential equations; promoted the solar nebula hypothesis for the origin of the solar system
48 Charles_Babbage_1727.jpg
Charles Babbage

1791-1871
联合王国
计算机科学, 发明

Designed the Analytical Engine and built a prototype for a less powerful mechanical calculator. (1822)
49 Tim_Berners-Lee_1731.jpg
Tim Berners-Lee

1955-
联合王国
计算机科学

Invented worldwide web. With Robert Cailliau, sent first HTTP communication between client and server. (1989)
50 Edward_Jenner_1793.jpg
Edward Jenner

1749-1823
联合王国
中医药,

Smallpox vaccine; Vaccination

最后更新: 2017-11-20

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