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最伟大的科学家

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#: 1 - 10

# 名称

国家
科学
Ƈ
1 Democritus_8.jpg
Democritus

-460-370
希腊
物理, 天文学, 哲学, 中医药

Atomic hypothesis; Theory of Perception
2 Aristotle_11.jpg
Aristotle

-384-322
希腊
物理, 天文学, 哲学, , 政

Logic (scientific method and syllogism); Physical works (explains change, motion, time); Psychological works (Reminiscence, Dreams); Works on natural history (physical/mental qualities of animals); Philosophical works (best states, constitutions)
3 Albert_Einstein_631.jpg
Albert Einstein

1879-1955

物理

explained Brownian motion and photoelectric effect; contributed to theory of atomic spectra; formulated theories of special and general relativity
4 Thomas_Edison_711.jpg
Thomas Edison

1847-1931
美国
发明

inventor with the most patents;invented electric light bulb, movie camera, flouroscope, re-chargeable battery, phonograph
5 Isaac_Newton_824.jpg
Isaac Newton

1643-1727
联合王国
物理, 天文学

developed theories of gravitation and mechanics, and invented differential calculus
6 Leonardo_da_Vinci_1.jpg
Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519
义大利
发明

One of the greatest ever minds, invented models that proved workable 3-500 years later
7 Archimedes_13.jpg
Archimedes

-287-212
希腊
物理, 天文学, 发明

Discovered formulas for the area and volume of various geometric figures, applied geometry to hydrostatics and mechanics, devised numerous ingenious mechanisms, such as the Archimedean screw, and discovered the principle of buoyancy
8 al-Khwarizmi_1725.jpg
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

780-850
伊朗
计算机科学, 数学, 天文学, 地理学

The term "algorithm" is derived from the algorism, the technique of performing arithmetic with Hindu-Arabic numerals developed by al-Khwarizmi. (1200)
9 Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz_1552.jpg
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

1646-1716

数学, 物理

Infinitesimal calculus
10 Charles_Darwin_598.jpg
Charles Darwin

1809-1882
联合王国
物理,

Theory of evolution

最后更新: 2017-11-19

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