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中医药 - ... - 生命科学 - 矿物学 - 计算机科学 - 发明 - 哲学 - 物理

科学: 物理

# 名称

国家
科学
Ƈ
1 Albert_Einstein_631.jpg
Albert Einstein

1879-1955

物理

explained Brownian motion and photoelectric effect; contributed to theory of atomic spectra; formulated theories of special and general relativity
2 James_Clerk_Maxwell_735.jpg
James Clerk Maxwell

1831-1879
联合王国
物理

propounded the theory of electromagnetism; developed the kinetic theory of gases
3 Peter_Higgs_254.jpg
Peter Higgs

1929-
联合王国
物理

proposed with others the Higgs mechanism by which particles are endowed with mass by interacting with the Higgs field, which is carried by Higgs bosons
4 Niels_Bohr_608.jpg
Niels Bohr

1885-1962
丹麦
物理

contributed to quantum theory and to theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear fission
5 Max_Planck_681.jpg
Max Planck

1858-1947

物理

formulated the quantum theory; explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
6 Nikola_Tesla_687.jpg
Nikola Tesla

1857-1943
塞尔维亚
物理

created alternating current
7 Wilhelm_Rontgen_1391.jpg
Wilhelm Rontgen

1845-1923

物理

discovered and studied x rays
8 Erwin_Schrodinger_1408.jpg
Erwin Schrodinger

1887-1961
奥地利
物理

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; formulated the Schrödinger wave equation
9 Werner_Heisenberg_1423.jpg
Werner Heisenberg

1901-1976

物理

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; introduced the ``uncertainty principle'' and the concept of exchange forces
10 Paul_Dirac_506.jpg
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

1902-1984
联合王国
物理

discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory

最后更新: 2017-11-22

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