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最伟大的科学家

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ĸ: 17th

# 名称

国家
科学
Ƈ
1 Isaac_Newton_824.jpg
Isaac Newton

1643-1727
联合王国
物理, 天文学

developed theories of gravitation and mechanics, and invented differential calculus
2 Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz_1552.jpg
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

1646-1716

数学, 物理

Infinitesimal calculus
3 Blaise_Pascal_828.jpg
Blaise Pascal

1623-1662
法国的
物理, 数学, 计算机科学

discovered that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid and to the walls of its container (Pascal's principle)
4 Galileo_Galilei_1622.jpg
Galileo Galilei

1564-1642
义大利
天文学, 物理, 发明

performed fundamental observations, experiments, and mathematical analyses in astronomy and physics; discovered mountains and craters on the moon, the phases of Venus, and the four largest satellites of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede
5 Johannes_Kepler_1623.jpg
Johannes Kepler

1571-1630

天文学, 物理

established the most exact astronomical tables then known; established the three laws of planetary motion
6 Gottfried_Leibniz_1763.jpg
Gottfried Leibniz

1646-1716

计算机科学, 哲学, 数学

Made advances in symbolic logic, such as the Calculus ratiocinator, that were heavily influential on Gottlob Frege. Made developments in first-order predicate calculus that were crucial for the theoretical foundations of computer science. (1670)
7 Descartes_1547.jpg
Descartes

1596-1650
法国的
数学

Cartesian coordinate system
8 Robert_Hooke_825.jpg
Robert Hooke

1635-1703
联合王国
物理, , 化学

discovered Hooke's law of elasticity; Coined the term cell
9 Robert_Boyle_827.jpg
Robert Boyle

1627-1691
爱尔兰
物理, 化学

Father of Modern Chemistry; Boyles Law
10 Pierre_de_Fermat_1549.jpg
Pierre de Fermat

1601-1665
法国的
数学

Fermat's Last Theorem

最后更新: 2017-11-22

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