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名称 年 国家 科学 
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1 

Isaac Newton
16431727 联合王国 物理, 天文学

developed theories of gravitation and mechanics, and invented differential calculus

2 

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
16461716 德 数学, 物理

Infinitesimal calculus

3 

Blaise Pascal
16231662 法国的 物理, 数学, 计算机科学

discovered that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid and to the walls of its container (Pascal's principle)

4 

Galileo Galilei
15641642 义大利 天文学, 物理, 发明

performed fundamental observations, experiments, and mathematical analyses in astronomy and physics; discovered mountains and craters on the moon, the phases of Venus, and the four largest satellites of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede

5 

Johannes Kepler
15711630 德 天文学, 物理

established the most exact astronomical tables then known; established the three laws of planetary motion

6 

Gottfried Leibniz
16461716 德 计算机科学, 哲学, 数学

Made advances in symbolic logic, such as the Calculus ratiocinator, that were heavily influential on Gottlob Frege. Made developments in firstorder predicate calculus that were crucial for the theoretical foundations of computer science. (1670)

7 

Descartes
15961650 法国的 数学

Cartesian coordinate system





8 

Robert Hooke
16351703 联合王国 物理, , 化学

discovered Hooke's law of elasticity; Coined the term cell

9 

Robert Boyle
16271691 爱尔兰 物理, 化学

Father of Modern Chemistry; Boyles Law

10 

Pierre de Fermat
16011665 法国的 数学

Fermat's Last Theorem
