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The Greatest Scientists

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By Country

By Name

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By Year

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Country: Netherlands

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Antony_van_Leeuwenhoek_1616.jpg
Antony van Leeuwenhoek

1632-1723
Netherlands
Biology, Microbiology

The Father of Microbiology
2 Hendrik_Antoon_Lorentz_1394.jpg
Hendrik Antoon Lorentz

1853-1928
Netherlands
Physics

introduced Lorentz transformation equations of special relativity; advanced ideas of relativistic length contraction and relativistic mass increase; contributed to theory of electromagnetism
3 Andre_Geim_53.jpg
Andre Geim

1958-
Netherlands
Physics

co-discovered a simple method for isolating single atomic layers of graphite, known as graphene
4 Christiaan_Huygens_1626.jpg
Christiaan Huygens

1629-1695
Netherlands
Astronomy, Physics, Geodesy

discovered Saturn's first satellite, Titan, and the true shape of Saturn's rings; proposed a simple geometrical wave theory of light, now known as Huygen's principle; pioneered use of the pendulum in clocks
5 Hendrik_Lorentz_696.jpg
Hendrik Lorentz

1853-
Netherlands
Physics


6 Simon_van_der_Meer_287.jpg
Simon van der Meer

1925-2011
Netherlands
Physics

contributed to experiments that led to the discovery of the carriers (W± and Z°) of the weak interaction
7 Nicolaas_Bloembergen_347.jpg
Nicolaas Bloembergen

1920-
Netherlands
Physics

contributed to the development of laser spectroscopy
8 Frits_Zernike_589.jpg
Frits Zernike

1888-1966
Netherlands
Physics

invented the phase-contrast microscope, a type of microscope widely used for examining specimens such as biological cells and tissues
9 Pieter_Zeeman_672.jpg
Pieter Zeeman

1865-1943
Netherlands
Physics

discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field
10 Heike_Kamerlingh-Onnes_1395.jpg
Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes

1853-1926
Netherlands
Physics

liquified helium; discovered superconductivity

Last updated: 2018-09-19

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