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The Greatest Scientists

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Country: Switzerland

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Leonard_Euler_1365.jpg
Leonard Euler

1707-1783
Switzerland
Physics, Mathematics

made fundamental contributions to fluid dynamics, lunar orbit theory (tides), and mechanics; also contributed prolifically to all areas of classical mathematics
2 Daniel_Bernoulli_1568.jpg
Daniel Bernoulli

1700-1782
Switzerland
Mathematics, Physics

developed the fundamental relationship of fluid flow now known as Bernoulli's principle
3 Paracelsus_1206.jpg
Paracelsus

1493-1541
Switzerland
Chemistry

Air is the arche Father of Toxicology: The dose makes the poison
4 Heinrich_Rohrer_218.jpg
Heinrich Rohrer

1933-
Switzerland
Physics

co-designed the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), a type of microscope in which a fine conducting probe is held close the surface of a sample
5 Felix_Bloch_476.jpg
Felix Bloch

1905-1983
Switzerland
Physics

contributed to development of the NMR technique; measured the magnetic moment of the neutron; contributed to the theory of metals
6 Walter_Ritz_638.jpg
Walther Ritz

1878-1909
Switzerland
Physics

Rydberg–Ritz combination principle; Ritz method
7 K._Alex_Muller_1459.jpg
K. Alex Muller

1927-
Switzerland
Physics

co-discovered the first ceramic superconductors
8 Joel_Lebowitz_1526.jpg
Joel Lebowitz

1930-
Switzerland
Physics

contributed to condensed matter theory, especially involving statistical mechanics: phase transitions; derivation of hydrodynamical equations from microscopic kinetics; statistical mechanics of plasmas
9 Fritz_Zwicky_1683.jpg
Fritz Zwicky

1898-1974
Switzerland
Astronomy

observed Coma cluster of galaxies and determined that most of the cluster must be ``dark matter''; proposed existence of dwarf galaxies; proposed existence of supernovas and that their collapse might lead to neutron stars;
10 Tadeus_Reichstein_1233.jpg
Tadeusz Reichstein

1897-1996
Switzerland
Chemistry

work on hormones of the adrenal cortex which culminated in the isolation of cortisone

Last updated: 2018-05-27

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