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Name Jahr Land Wissenschaft 
Leistungen 
1 

Albert Einstein
18791955 Deutschland Physik

explained Brownian motion and photoelectric effect; contributed to theory of atomic spectra; formulated theories of special and general relativity

2 

Marie Curie
18671934 Polen Physik, Chemie

discovered radioactivity of thorium; codiscovered radium and polonium

3 

Alan Turing
19121954 Großbritannien Mathematik, Informatik

Father of computer science; Made several founding contributions to computer science, including the Turing machine computational model, and ACE design. (1936)





4 

Peter Higgs
1929 Großbritannien Physik

proposed with others the Higgs mechanism by which particles are endowed with mass by interacting with the Higgs field, which is carried by Higgs bosons

5 

Enrico Fermi
19011954 Italien Physik, Chemie

performed experiments leading to first selfsustaining nuclear chain reaction; developed a theory of beta decay that introduced the weak interaction; derived the statistical properties of gases that obey the Pauli exclusion principle

6 

Niels Bohr
18851962 Dänemark Physik

contributed to quantum theory and to theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear fission

7 

Ernest Rutherford
18711937 New Zealand Physik, Chemie

theorized existence of the atomic nucleus based on results of the alphascattering experiment performed by Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden;

8 

Erwin Schrodinger
18871961 Österreich Physik

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; formulated the Schrödinger wave equation

9 

Werner Heisenberg
19011976 Deutschland Physik

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; introduced the ``uncertainty principle'' and the concept of exchange forces

10 

John von Neumann
19031957 Ungarn Physik, Mathematik, Informatik

formulated a fully quantum mechanical generalization of statistical mechanics
