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Jahrhundert: 20th

# Name
Jahr
Land
Wissenschaft
Leistungen
1 Albert_Einstein_631.jpg
Albert Einstein

1879-1955
Deutschland
Physik

explained Brownian motion and photoelectric effect; contributed to theory of atomic spectra; formulated theories of special and general relativity
2 Marie_Curie_669.jpg
Marie Curie

1867-1934
Polen
Physik, Chemie

discovered radioactivity of thorium; co-discovered radium and polonium
3 Alan_Turing_1569.jpg
Alan Turing

1912-1954
Großbritannien
Mathematik, Informatik

Father of computer science; Made several founding contributions to computer science, including the Turing machine computational model, and ACE design. (1936)
4 Peter_Higgs_254.jpg
Peter Higgs

1929-
Großbritannien
Physik

proposed with others the Higgs mechanism by which particles are endowed with mass by interacting with the Higgs field, which is carried by Higgs bosons
5 Enrico_Fermi_520.jpg
Enrico Fermi

1901-1954
Italien
Physik, Chemie

performed experiments leading to first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction; developed a theory of beta decay that introduced the weak interaction; derived the statistical properties of gases that obey the Pauli exclusion principle
6 Niels_Bohr_608.jpg
Niels Bohr

1885-1962
Dänemark
Physik

contributed to quantum theory and to theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear fission
7 Ernest_Rutherford_658.jpg
Ernest Rutherford

1871-1937
New Zealand
Physik, Chemie

theorized existence of the atomic nucleus based on results of the alpha-scattering experiment performed by Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden;
8 Erwin_Schrodinger_1408.jpg
Erwin Schrodinger

1887-1961
Österreich
Physik

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; formulated the Schrödinger wave equation
9 Werner_Heisenberg_1423.jpg
Werner Heisenberg

1901-1976
Deutschland
Physik

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; introduced the ``uncertainty principle'' and the concept of exchange forces
10 John_von_Neumann_1500.jpg
John von Neumann

1903-1957
Ungarn
Physik, Mathematik, Informatik

formulated a fully quantum mechanical generalization of statistical mechanics

Zuletzt aktualisiert am: 2018-12-15

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