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The Greatest Scientists

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By Country

By Name

By Genre

By Year

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Country: USA

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Thomas_Edison_711.jpg
Thomas Edison

1847-1931
USA
Inventions

inventor with the most patents;invented electric light bulb, movie camera, flouroscope, re-chargeable battery, phonograph
2 Benjamin_Franklin_816.jpg
Benjamin Franklin

1706-1790
USA
Physics, Inventions

the first American physicist; discovered electricity and invented the Franklin stove
3 Ernest_Orlando_Lawrence_1424.jpg
Ernest Orlando Lawrence

1901-1958
USA
Physics

invented the cyclotron
4 Richard_P._Feynman_1448.jpg
Richard P. Feynman

1918-1988
USA
Physics

co-developed quantum electrodynamics; created a new formalism for practical calculations by introducing a graphical method called Feynman diagrams
5 Leon_Lederman_1453.jpg
Leon Lederman

1922-
USA
Physics

contributed to the discovery of the muon neutrino and the bottom quark
6 Jerome_I._Friedman_1463.jpg
Jerome I. Friedman

1930-
USA
Physics

co-discovered, through investigations of deep-inelastic electron scattering, clear signs that there exists an inner structure (quarks and gluons) in the protons and neutrons of the atomic nucleus
7 Leon_Max_Lederman_328.jpg
Leon Max Lederman

1922-
USA
Physics

Seminal contributions to Neutrinos, bottom quark
8 John_Atanasoff_1726.jpg
John Atanasoff

1903-1995
USA
Computer science

Built the first electronic digital computer, the Atanasoff–Berry Computer, though it was neither programmable nor Turing-complete. (1939)
9 Vannevar_Bush_1732.jpg
Vannevar Bush

1890-1974
USA
Computer science

Analogue computing pioneer. Originator of the Memex concept, which led to the development of Hypertext. (1930)
10 Orville_and_Wilbur_Wright_1789.jpg
Orville and Wilbur Wright

1867-1912
USA
Inventions

designed, built and flew the first powered aircraft

Last updated: 2018-06-18

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