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The Greatest Scientists

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Country: Italy

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Leonardo_da_Vinci_1.jpg
Leonardo da Vinci

1452-1519
Italy
Inventions

One of the greatest ever minds, invented models that proved workable 3-500 years later
2 Galileo_Galilei_1622.jpg
Galileo Galilei

1564-1642
Italy
Astronomy, Physics, Inventions

performed fundamental observations, experiments, and mathematical analyses in astronomy and physics; discovered mountains and craters on the moon, the phases of Venus, and the four largest satellites of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede
3 Enrico_Fermi_520.jpg
Enrico Fermi

1901-1954
Italy
Physics, Chemistry

performed experiments leading to first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction; developed a theory of beta decay that introduced the weak interaction; derived the statistical properties of gases that obey the Pauli exclusion principle
4 Alessandro_Volta_1367.jpg
Alessandro Volta

1745-1827
Italy
Physics, Chemistry

pioneer in study of electricity; invented the first electric battery
5 Lucretius_2.jpg
Lucretius

-99-55
Italy
Philosophy

discover that everything in this universe, ranging from planets and stars to mountains, decay
6 Guglielmo_Marconi_650.jpg
Guglielmo Marconi

1874-1937
Italy
Physics

invented the first practical system of wireless telegraphy
7 Luigi_Galvani_804.jpg
Luigi Galvani

1737-1798
Italy
Physics

pioneer of bioelectricity
8 Amadeo_Avogadro_1370.jpg
Amadeo Avogadro

1776-1856
Italy
Physics, Chemistry

developed hypothesis that all gases at same volume, pressure, and temperature contain same number of atoms
9 John_Babtist_Riccioli_1624.jpg
John Babtist Riccioli

1598-1671
Italy
Astronomy

made telescopic lunar studies and published detailed lunar maps in which he introduced much nomenclature for lunar objects; discovered the first double star (Mizar)
10 Thomas_Aquinas_1802.jpg
Thomas Aquinas

1225-1274
Italy
Philosophy

most influential medieval thinkers of Scholasticism and the father of the Thomistic school of theology

Last updated: 2018-09-23

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