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The Greatest Scientists

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By Country

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1 - 10 - ... - 331 - 340 - 341 - 350 - 351 - 360 - 361 - 370 - 371 - 380 - 381 - 390 - 391 - 400 - 401 - 410 - 411 - 420 - 421 - 430 - 431 - 440 - ... - 991 - 1000

#: 381 - 390

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
381 Joseph_H._Taylor,_Jr._1661.jpg
Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.

1941-
USA
Astronomy

co-discovered the first binary pulsar
382 Russell_Alan_Hulse_1662.jpg
Russell Alan Hulse

1950-
USA
Astronomy

co-discovered the first binary pulsar
383 Annie_Jump_Cannon_1663.jpg
Annie Jump Cannon

1863-1941
USA
Astronomy

classified spectra of many thousands of stars; published catalogs of variable stars (including 300 she discovered)
384 Henrietta_Swan_Levitt_1666.jpg
Henrietta Swan Levitt

1868-1921
USA
Astronomy

discovered the period-luminosity relation for Cepheid variables
385 Willem_de_Sitter_1667.jpg
Willem de Sitter

1872-1934
Netherlands
Astronomy, Physics

studied the astronomical consequences of Einstein's theory of general relativity; deduced that a near-empty universe would expand
386 Ejnar_Hertzsprung_1668.jpg
Ejnar Hertzsprung

1873-1967
Denmark
Astronomy

invented the color-magnitude diagram; by studying star clusters, independently discovered the relationship between absolute magnitude and spectral types of stars;
387 Karl_Schwarzchild_1669.jpg
Karl Schwarzchild

1873-1916
Germany
Astronomy

first to give an exact solution of Einstein's equations of general relativity, giving an understanding of the geometry of space near a point mass; also made the first study of black holes
388 Kiyotsugu_Hirayama_1670.jpg
Kiyotsugu Hirayama

1874-1943
Japan
Astronomy

discovered the existence of groups of asteroids with similar orbital elements. He hypothesized that the asteroids in these families (now called Hirayama families) were physically related
389 Vesto_M._Slipher_1671.jpg
Vesto M. Slipher

1875-1969
USA
Astronomy

first to measure the radial velocity of the Andromeda galaxy
390 Walter_Sydney_Adams_1672.jpg
Walter Sydney Adams

1876-1956
USA
Astronomy

identified Sirius B as the first white dwarf star known

Last updated: 2018-08-16

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