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#: 291 - 300

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
291 Vannoccio_Biringuccio_2035.jpg
Vannoccio Biringuccio

1480-1539
Italy
Chemistry


292 Samuel_W._Alderson_2038.jpg
Samuel W. Alderson

1914-2005
USA
Physics

development of the crash test dummy
293 William_David_Coolidge_2041.jpg
William David Coolidge

1873-1975
USA
Physics

made major contributions to X-ray machines
294 Eugene_Wigner_1426.jpg
Eugene Wigner

1902-1995
Hungary
Physics

contributed to theoretical atomic and nuclear physics; introduced concept of the nuclear cross section
295 Cecil_F._Powell_1427.jpg
Cecil F. Powell

1903-1969
United Kingdom
Physics

developed the photographic emulsion method of studying nuclear processes; discovered the charged pion
296 Pavel_A._Cherenkov_1428.jpg
Pavel Cherenkov

1904-1990
Russia
Physics

discovered the ``Cerenkov effect'' whereby light is emitted by a particle passing through a medium at a speed greater than that of light in the medium
297 Sir_Nevill_F._Mott_1429.jpg
Sir Nevill F. Mott

1905-1996
United Kingdom
Physics

contributed to theoretical condensed-matter physics by applying quantum theory to complex phenomena in solids; calculated cross section for relativistic Coulomb scattering
298 Ernst_Ruska_1431.jpg
Ernst Ruska

1906-1988
Germany
Physics

designed the first electron microscope
299 Shin-Ichiro_Tomonaga_1432.jpg
Shin'Ichiro Tomonaga

1906-1979
Japan
Physics

co-developed quantum electrodynamics
300 J._Hans_D._Jensen_1433.jpg
J. Hans D. Jensen

1907-1973
Germany
Physics

advanced shell model of nuclear structure

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