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Les Plus Grands Scientifiques

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#: 21 - 30

# Nom
Année
Pays
Science
Réalisations
21 Peter_Higgs_254.jpg
Peter Higgs

1929-
Royaume-Uni
Physique

proposed with others the Higgs mechanism by which particles are endowed with mass by interacting with the Higgs field, which is carried by Higgs bosons
22 Gregor_Mendel_1614.jpg
Gregor Johann Mendel

1822-1884
République Tchèque
Sciences De La Vie,

Creating the science of genetics
23 Enrico_Fermi_520.jpg
Enrico Fermi

1901-1954
L'Italie
Physique, Chimie

performed experiments leading to first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction; developed a theory of beta decay that introduced the weak interaction; derived the statistical properties of gases that obey the Pauli exclusion principle
24 Descartes_1547.jpg
Descartes

1596-1650
France
Mathématiques

Cartesian coordinate system
25 Niels_Bohr_608.jpg
Niels Bohr

1885-1962
Le Danemark
Physique

contributed to quantum theory and to theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear fission
26 Ernest_Rutherford_658.jpg
Ernest Rutherford

1871-1937
Nouvelle-Zélande
Physique, Chimie

theorized existence of the atomic nucleus based on results of the alpha-scattering experiment performed by Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden;
27 Max_Planck_681.jpg
Max Planck

1858-1947
Allemagne
Physique

formulated the quantum theory; explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
28 Nikola_Tesla_687.jpg
Nikola Tesla

1857-1943
La Serbie
Physique

created alternating current
29 Alexander_Graham_Bell_712.jpg
Alexander Graham Bell

1847-1922
Royaume-Uni
Inventions

inventing the first practical telephone
30 Michael_Faraday_770.jpg
Michael Faraday

1791-1867
Royaume-Uni
Physique, Chimie

discovered electromagnetic induction and devised first electrical transformer

Dernière mise à jour: 2018-05-23

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