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Les Plus Grands Scientifiques

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#: 371 - 380

# Nom
Année
Pays
Science
RĂ©alisations
371 Sir_George_Airy_1644.jpg
Sir George Airy

1801-1892
Royaume-Uni
Astronomie

improved orbital theory of Venus and the Moon; studied interference fringes in optics; made a mathematical study of the rainbow
372 Anders_Angstrom_1647.jpg
Anders Jonas Angstrom

1814-1874
La Suède
Astronomie

discovered hydrogen in the solar spectrum; source of the Angstrom unit
373 Daniel_Kirkwood_1648.jpg
Daniel Kirkwood

1814-1895
USA
Astronomie

discovered the ``Kirkwood gaps'' in the orbits of the asteroids between Mars and Jupiter; explained the gaps in Saturn's rings
374 Sir_Joseph_Lockyer_1650.jpg
Sir Joseph Lockyer

1836-1920
Royaume-Uni
Astronomie

discovered in the solar spectrum a previously unknown element that he named helium
375 Jacobus_Cornelius_Kapteyn_1653.jpg
Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn

1851-1922
Les Pays-Bas
Astronomie

discovered that the proper motions of stars were not random, but stars could be divided into two streams moving in opposite directions, representing the rotation of our galaxy
376 Hannes_Alven_1655.jpg
Hannes Alven

1908-1995
La Suède
Astronomie

developed the theory of magnetohydrodynamics
377 Subramanyan_Chandrasekhar_1656.jpg
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

1910-1995
L'Inde
Astronomie, Physique

made important theoretical contributions concerning the structure and evolution of stars, especially white dwarfs
378 Antony_Hewish_1658.jpg
Antony Hewish

1924-
Royaume-Uni
Astronomie, Physique

led the research group that discovered the first pulsar
379 Arno_A._Penzias_1659.jpg
Arno A. Penzias

1933-
Allemagne
Astronomie, Physique

co-discovered the cosmic microwave background radiation
380 Robert_W._Wilson_1660.jpg
Robert W. Wilson

1936-
USA
Astronomie, Physique

co-discovered the cosmic microwave background radiation

Dernière mise à jour: 2018-10-19

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