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The Greatest Scientists

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#: 341 - 350

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
341 Fritz_London_1494.jpg
Fritz London

1900-1954
Germany
Physics

co-developed the phenomenological theory of superconductivity; co-developed the first quantum-mechanical treatment of the hydrogen molecule; determined that the electromagnetic gauge is the phase of the Schrödinger wave function
342 Charles_Francis_Richter_1495.jpg
Charles Francis Richter

1900-1985
USA
Physics

established the Richter scale for the measurement of earthquake intensity
343 George_E._Uhlenbeck_1496.jpg
George Uhlenbeck

1900-1988
Netherlands
Physics

co-discovered that the electron has an intrinsic spin
344 Robert_J._Van_de_Graaf_1497.jpg
Robert J. Van de Graaf

1901-1967
USA
Physics

invented the Van de Graaf electrostatic generator
345 Samuel_Abraham_Goudsmit_1498.jpg
Samuel Abraham Goudsmit

1902-1978
Netherlands
Physics

co-discovered that the electron has an intrinsic spin
346 Igor_Vasilievich_Kurchatov_1499.jpg
Igor Kurchatov

1903-1960
Russia
Physics

headed the Soviet atomic and hydrogen bomb programs
347 Sir_Rudolf_Peierls_1502.jpg
Rudolf Peierls

1907-1995
Germany
Physics

many contributions in theoretical physics, including an improved calculation of the critical mass needed to make a fission bomb
348 Edward_Teller_1503.jpg
Edward Teller

1908-2003
Hungary
Physics

helped develop atomic and hydrogen bombs
349 Victor_F._Weisskopf_1504.jpg
Victor Weisskopf

1908-2002
Austria
Physics

made theoretical contributions to quantum electrodynamics, nuclear structure, and elementary particle physics
350 Homi_Jehangir_Bhabha_1505.jpg
Homi Jehangir Bhabha

1909-1966
India
Physics

initiated nuclear research programs in India; carried out experiments in cosmic rays; calculated cross section for elastic electron-positron scattering

Last updated: 2018-09-19

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