# 

Name Year Country Science 
achievements 
31 

Joseph Fourier
17681830 France Physics, Mathematics

established the differential equation governing heat diffusion and solved it by devising an infinite series of sines and cosines capable of approximating a wide variety of functions

32 

Benjamin Franklin
17061790 USA Physics, Inventions

the first American physicist; discovered electricity and invented the Franklin stove

33 

Robert Hooke
16351703 United Kingdom Physics, Biology, Chemistry

discovered Hooke's law of elasticity; Coined the term cell

34 

Robert Boyle
16271691 Ireland Physics, Chemistry

Father of Modern Chemistry; Boyles Law

35 

George Boole
18151864 United Kingdom Mathematics, Computer science

Boolean algebra; the basis for digital logic and computer science. (1847)

36 

Alfred Nobel
18331896 Sweden Chemistry, Inventions

Invention of dynamite, Nobel Prize

37 

Louis Pasteur
18221895 France Biology, Microbiology

food preparing process known as pasteurization; he also developed a vaccination for anthrax and rabies

38 

Pierre de Fermat
16011665 France Mathematics

Fermat's Last Theorem





39 

Leonard Euler
17071783 Switzerland Physics, Mathematics

made fundamental contributions to fluid dynamics, lunar orbit theory (tides), and mechanics; also contributed prolifically to all areas of classical mathematics

40 

Alessandro Volta
17451827 Italy Physics, Chemistry

pioneer in study of electricity; invented the first electric battery
