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Nome Anno Paese Scienza 
Realizzazioni 
1 

Toshihide Maskawa
1940 Giappone Fisica

contributed to theoretical understanding of CPviolation; codiscovered the origin of the broken symmetry that predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks

2 

Yoichiro Nambu
1921 Giappone Fisica

contributed to elementary particle theory; recognized the role played by spontaneous symmetrybreaking in analogy with superconductivity theory; formulated QCD (quantum chromodynamics), the gauge theory of color

3 

Hideki Yukawa
19071981 Giappone Fisica

predicted existence of the pion

4 

Shin'Ichiro Tomonaga
19061979 Giappone Fisica

codeveloped quantum electrodynamics





5 

Makato Kobayashi
1944 Giappone Fisica

contributed to theoretical understanding of CPviolation; codiscovered the origin of the broken symmetry that predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks

6 

Kiyotsugu Hirayama
18741943 Giappone Astronomia

discovered the existence of groups of asteroids with similar orbital elements. He hypothesized that the asteroids in these families (now called Hirayama families) were physically related

7 

Chushiro Hayashi
19202010 Giappone Astronomia

discovered the pattern followed by premainsequence stars on HR diagrams (now called the Hayashi track); discovered the maximum radius for a star of a given mass (the Hayashi limit)

8 

Baron Kitasato ShibasaburÅ
18531931 Giappone

He is remembered as the codiscoverer of the infectious agent of bubonic plague in Hong Kong in 1894, almost simultaneously with Alexandre Yersin.

9 

Jokichi Takamine
18541922 Giappone Chimica

isolated the hormone

10 

Kenkichi Iwasawa
19171998 Giappone Matematica

influence on algebraic number theory
