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#: 321 - 330

# Nome
Anno
Paese
Scienza
Realizzazioni
321 Rudolf_Mossbauer_1461.jpg
Rudolf Mossbauer

1929-2011
Germania
Fisica

experimented with resonance absorption of gamma radiation; discovered ``Mössbauer effect,'' the recoilless emission of gamma rays by nuclei
322 Richard_E._Taylor_1462.jpg
Richard E. Taylor

1929-
Canada
Fisica

co-discovered, through investigations of deep-inelastic electron scattering, clear signs that there exists an inner structure (quarks and gluons) in the protons and neutrons of the atomic nucleus
323 James_W._Cronin_1464.jpg
James W. Cronin

1931-
Stati Uniti d'America
Fisica

co-discovered that decays of neutral kaons sometime violate CP conservation
324 Sheldon_Glashow_1467.jpg
Sheldon Glashow

1932-
Stati Uniti d'America
Fisica

co-developed gauge field theory of the electroweak interaction
325 Robert_C._Richardson_1472.jpg
Robert C. Richardson

1937-
Stati Uniti d'America
Fisica

co-discovered that the isotope Helium-3 becomes a quantum superfluid near absolute zero
326 Brian_Josephson_1474.jpg
Brian Josephson

1940-
Regno Unito
Fisica

contributed to theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier
327 Makato_Kobayashi_1476.jpg
Makato Kobayashi

1944-
Giappone
Fisica

contributed to theoretical understanding of CP-violation; co-discovered the origin of the broken symmetry that predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks
328 William_D._Phillips_1479.jpg
William D. Phillips

1948-
Stati Uniti d'America
Fisica

developed, with his colleagues, a device called a Zeeman slower, with which he could slow down and capture atoms in a purely magnetic trap
329 J._Georg_Bednorz_1481.jpg
Georg Bednorz

1950-
Germania
Fisica

co-discovered the first ceramic superconductors
330 Robert_Laughlin_1482.jpg
Robert Laughlin

1950-
Stati Uniti d'America
Fisica

developed a theory of quantum fluids that explained the fractional quantum Hall effect

Ultimo aggiornamento: 2018-10-23

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