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Nome Anno Paese Scienza 
Realizzazioni 
351 

Nikolai N. Bogolubov
19091992 Russia Fisica

theoretical physicist and mathematician who contributed to the microscopic theory of superfluidity;

352 

Henry Primakoff
19141983 Russia Fisica

codeveloped the theory of spin waves; first described the process that became known as the Primakoff effect

353 

Robert Rathbun Wilson
19142000 Stati Uniti d'America Fisica

driving force behind creation of Fermilab and Cornell University's Laboratory of Nuclear Studies; did extensive measurements of kaon and pion photoproduction in which he made the first observation of a new state of the nucleon, N(1440)

354 

Vitaly L. Ginzburg
19162009 Russia Fisica

contributed to theory of superconductivity and theory of highenergy processes in astrophysics; codiscovered transition radiation, emitted when charged particles traverse interface between two different media

355 

Calvin F. Quate
1923 Stati Uniti d'America Fisica

made pioneering contributions to nanoscale measurement science through the development and application of scanning probe microscropes

356 

Benoit Mandelbrot
19242010 Francia Fisica

developed theory of fractals





357 

Albert V. Crewe
19272009 Regno Unito Fisica

developed the first practical scanning electron microscope

358 

John Stewart Bell
19281990 Irlanda Fisica

proved the inherent nonlocality of quantum mechanics

359 

Mildred S. Dresselhaus
1930 Stati Uniti d'America Fisica

contributed to the advance of solidstate physics, especially involving carbonbased materials, including fullerenes and nanotubes (a.k.a., buckyballs and buckytubes)

360 

Joel Lebowitz
1930 Svizzera Fisica

contributed to condensed matter theory, especially involving statistical mechanics: phase transitions; derivation of hydrodynamical equations from microscopic kinetics; statistical mechanics of plasmas
