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이름 년 국가 ʳ 
업적 
1 

Benjamin Franklin
17061790 미국 물리학, 발명품

the first American physicist; discovered electricity and invented the Franklin stove

2 

Leonard Euler
17071783 스위스 물리학, 수학

made fundamental contributions to fluid dynamics, lunar orbit theory (tides), and mechanics; also contributed prolifically to all areas of classical mathematics

3 

Alessandro Volta
17451827 이탈리아 물리학, 화학

pioneer in study of electricity; invented the first electric battery

4 

PierreSimon Laplace
17491827 프랑스 천문학, 수학,

made important mathematical contributions to differential equations; promoted the solar nebula hypothesis for the origin of the solar system

5 

Edward Jenner
17491823 연합 왕국 의학,

Smallpox vaccine; Vaccination

6 

Luigi Galvani
17371798 이탈리아 물리학

pioneer of bioelectricity

7 

James Watt
17361819 연합 왕국 물리학, 발명품

invented the modern condensing steam engine and a centrifugal governor

8 

Rudjer Josip Boscovich
17111787 크로아티 물리학

precursor of atomic theory;discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon

9 

Daniel Bernoulli
17001782 스위스 수학, 물리학

developed the fundamental relationship of fluid flow now known as Bernoulli's principle

10 

Mikhail Lomonosov
17111765 러시아 화학

regarded heat as a form of motion; suggested the wave theory of light; contributed to the formulation of the kinetic theory of gases;
