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Naam Jaar Land Wetenschap 
Verwezenlijkingen 
171 

Frank Wilczek
1951 Verenigde Staten Fysica

codiscovered ``asymptotic freedom'' in nonAbelian gauge theories; contributed to the study of ``anyons'' (particlelike excitations in twodimensional systems that obey ``fractional statistics'')

172 

Steven Chu
1948 Verenigde Staten Fysica

developed the Doppler cooling method of using laser light (optical molasses) to cool gases and capturing the chilled atoms in a magnetooptical trap (MOT)





173 

Nathan Isgur
19472001 Verenigde Staten Fysica

contributed to understanding the quark structure of baryon resonances; discovered a new symmetry of nature that describes the behavior of heavy quarks

174 

Gerd Binnig
1947 Duitsland Fysica

codesigned the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), a type of microscope in which a fine conducting probe is held close the surface of a sample

175 

Howard Georgi
1947 Verenigde Staten Fysica

codeveloped the SU(5) and SO(10) grand unified theories of all elementary particle forces; developed the modern QCDinspired quark model; helped develop the modern theory of perturbative QCD

176 

John Forbes Nash, Jr.
1928 Verenigde Staten Wiskunde

Nash embedding theorem

177 

Klaus von Klitzing
1943 Duitsland Fysica

discovered the quantized Hall effect

178 

Benjamin Banneker
17311806 Verenigde Staten Wiskunde

Calculating a solar eclipse

179 

Toshihide Maskawa
1940 Japan Fysica

contributed to theoretical understanding of CPviolation; codiscovered the origin of the broken symmetry that predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks

180 

Michael Stonebraker
0
Informatica

Researcher at MITâ€™s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) who revolutionized the field of database management systems (DBMSs) and founded multiple successful database companies
