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Naam Jaar Land Wetenschap 
Verwezenlijkingen 
181 

Carlo Rubbia
1934 Italië Fysica

contributed to experiments that led to the discovery of the carriers (W± and Z°) of the weak interaction

182 

Ludvig Faddeev
1934 Rusland Fysica

made many theoretical contributions in quantum field theory and mathematical physics; developed the Faddeev equation in connection with the threebody system

183 

Claude CohenTannoudji
1933 Frankrijk Fysica

developed methods, with his colleagues, of using laser light to cool helium atoms to a temperature of about 0.18 µK and capturing the chilled atoms in a trap

184 

Heinrich Rohrer
1933 Zwitserland Fysica

codesigned the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), a type of microscope in which a fine conducting probe is held close the surface of a sample

185 

Jeffrey Goldstone
1933 Verenigde Staten Fysica

contributed to understanding the role of massless particles in spontaneous symmetry breaking (Goldstone bosons)

186 

Steven Weinberg
1933 Verenigde Staten Fysica

codeveloped gauge field theory of the electroweak interaction

187 

PierreGilles de Gennes
19322007 Frankrijk Fysica

developed theories in condensed matter physics applicable to liquid crystals and polymers

188 

Tullio Regge
1931 Italië Fysica

developed the theory of Regge trajectories by investigating the asymptotic behavior of potentialscattering processes through the analytic continuation of the angular momentum to the complex plane

189 

Burton Richter
1931 Verenigde Staten Fysica

carried out an experiment leading to the discovery of charmonium





190 

George E. Smith
1930 Verenigde Staten Fysica

coinvented the CCD (chargecoupled device)
