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201 Yoichiro_Nambu_340.jpg
Yoichiro Nambu

1921-
Japan
Fysica

contributed to elementary particle theory; recognized the role played by spontaneous symmetry-breaking in analogy with superconductivity theory; formulated QCD (quantum chromodynamics), the gauge theory of color
202 Owen_Chamberlain_341.jpg
Owen Chamberlain

1920-2006
Verenigde Staten
Fysica

co-discovered the antiproton
203 Nicolaas_Bloembergen_347.jpg
Nicolaas Bloembergen

1920-
In Nederland
Fysica

contributed to the development of laser spectroscopy
204 Wolfgang_K._H._Panofsky_349.jpg
Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky

1919-2007
Duitsland
Fysica

co-discovered the neutral pion via photoproduction; studied gamma rays from pi- captured in hydrogen and first measured the ``Panofsky ratio''
205 Andrew_Wiles_1570.jpg
Andrew Wiles

1953-
Verenigd Koninkrijk
Wiskunde

Proving “Fermat's Last Theorem”
206 Frederick_Reines_359.jpg
Frederick Reines

1918-1998
Verenigde Staten
Fysica

established, together with Clyde L. Cowan, Jr., the existence of the electron antineutrino by detecting them using a reactor experiment
207 Robert_Hofstadter_385.jpg
Robert Hofstadter

1915-1990
Verenigde Staten
Fysica

measured charge distributions in atomic nuclei with high-energy electron scattering; measured the charge and magnetic-moment distributions in the proton and neutron
208 Chien-Shiung_Wu_403.jpg
Chien-Shiung Wu

1912-1997
China
Fysica

experimentally proved that parity is not conserved in nuclear beta decay
209 Edward_Mills_Purcell_404.jpg
Edward Mills Purcell

1912-1997
Verenigde Staten
Fysica

developed method of nuclear resonance absorption that permitted the absolute determination of nuclear magnetic moments; co-discovered a line in the galactic radiospectrum caused by atomic hydrogen
210 Luis_Walter_Alvarez_417.jpg
Walter Alvarez

1911-1988
Verenigde Staten
Fysica

constructed huge bubble chambers and discovered many short-lived hadrons; advanced the impact theory for the extinction of the dinosaurs

Laatst bijgewerkt op: 2018-06-18

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