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Nome Ano País Ciência 
Realizações 
201 

Yoichiro Nambu
1921 Japão Física

contributed to elementary particle theory; recognized the role played by spontaneous symmetrybreaking in analogy with superconductivity theory; formulated QCD (quantum chromodynamics), the gauge theory of color

202 

Owen Chamberlain
19202006 EUA Física

codiscovered the antiproton

203 

Nicolaas Bloembergen
1920 Holanda Física

contributed to the development of laser spectroscopy

204 

Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky
19192007 Alemanha Física

codiscovered the neutral pion via photoproduction; studied gamma rays from pi captured in hydrogen and first measured the ``Panofsky ratio''





205 

Andrew Wiles
1953 Reino Unido Matemática

Proving “Fermat's Last Theorem”

206 

Frederick Reines
19181998 EUA Física

established, together with Clyde L. Cowan, Jr., the existence of the electron antineutrino by detecting them using a reactor experiment

207 

Robert Hofstadter
19151990 EUA Física

measured charge distributions in atomic nuclei with highenergy electron scattering; measured the charge and magneticmoment distributions in the proton and neutron

208 

ChienShiung Wu
19121997 China Física

experimentally proved that parity is not conserved in nuclear beta decay

209 

Edward Mills Purcell
19121997 EUA Física

developed method of nuclear resonance absorption that permitted the absolute determination of nuclear magnetic moments; codiscovered a line in the galactic radiospectrum caused by atomic hydrogen

210 

Walter Alvarez
19111988 EUA Física

constructed huge bubble chambers and discovered many shortlived hadrons; advanced the impact theory for the extinction of the dinosaurs
