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Nume An Țară Știință 
Realizări 
11 

Marie Curie
18671934 Polonia Fizică, Chimie

discovered radioactivity of thorium; codiscovered radium and polonium

12 

James Clerk Maxwell
18311879 Regatul Unit Fizică

propounded the theory of electromagnetism; developed the kinetic theory of gases

13 

Blaise Pascal
16231662 Franţa Fizică, Matematică, Informatică

discovered that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid and to the walls of its container (Pascal's principle)

14 

Alan Turing
19121954 Regatul Unit Matematică, Informatică

Father of computer science; Made several founding contributions to computer science, including the Turing machine computational model, and ACE design. (1936)





15 

Nicolaus Copernicus
14731543 Polonia Astronomie

developed a simple heliocentric model of the solar system that explained planetary retrograde motion and overturned Greek astronomy

16 

Galileo Galilei
15641642 Italia Astronomie, Fizică, Inventii

performed fundamental observations, experiments, and mathematical analyses in astronomy and physics; discovered mountains and craters on the moon, the phases of Venus, and the four largest satellites of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede

17 

Johannes Kepler
15711630 Germania Astronomie, Fizică

established the most exact astronomical tables then known; established the three laws of planetary motion

18 

Gottfried Leibniz
16461716 Germania Informatică, Filozofie, Matematică

Made advances in symbolic logic, such as the Calculus ratiocinator, that were heavily influential on Gottlob Frege. Made developments in firstorder predicate calculus that were crucial for the theoretical foundations of computer science. (1670)

19 

Hippocrates
460370
Medicină,

The Father of Western Medicine

20 

Plato
428348
Filozofie

Theory of Forms, Platonic idealism, Platonic realism,
