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The Greatest Scientists

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Science: Physics

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Albert_Einstein_631.jpg
Albert Einstein

1879-1955
Germany
Physics

explained Brownian motion and photoelectric effect; contributed to theory of atomic spectra; formulated theories of special and general relativity
2 James_Clerk_Maxwell_735.jpg
James Clerk Maxwell

1831-1879
United Kingdom
Physics

propounded the theory of electromagnetism; developed the kinetic theory of gases
3 Peter_Higgs_254.jpg
Peter Higgs

1929-
United Kingdom
Physics

proposed with others the Higgs mechanism by which particles are endowed with mass by interacting with the Higgs field, which is carried by Higgs bosons
4 Niels_Bohr_608.jpg
Niels Bohr

1885-1962
Denmark
Physics

contributed to quantum theory and to theory of nuclear reactions and nuclear fission
5 Max_Planck_681.jpg
Max Planck

1858-1947
Germany
Physics

formulated the quantum theory; explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
6 Nikola_Tesla_687.jpg
Nikola Tesla

1857-1943
Serbia
Physics

created alternating current
7 Wilhelm_Rontgen_1391.jpg
Wilhelm Rontgen

1845-1923
Germany
Physics

discovered and studied x rays
8 Erwin_Schrodinger_1408.jpg
Erwin Schrodinger

1887-1961
Austria
Physics

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; formulated the Schrödinger wave equation
9 Werner_Heisenberg_1423.jpg
Werner Heisenberg

1901-1976
Germany
Physics

contributed to creation of quantum mechanics; introduced the ``uncertainty principle'' and the concept of exchange forces
10 Paul_Dirac_506.jpg
Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac

1902-1984
United Kingdom
Physics

discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory

Last updated: 2017-11-22

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