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Isim Yıl Ülke Bilim 
Başarılar 
181 

Carlo Rubbia
1934 İtalya Fizik

contributed to experiments that led to the discovery of the carriers (W± and Z°) of the weak interaction

182 

Ludvig Faddeev
1934 Rusya Fizik

made many theoretical contributions in quantum field theory and mathematical physics; developed the Faddeev equation in connection with the threebody system

183 

Claude CohenTannoudji
1933 Fransa Fizik

developed methods, with his colleagues, of using laser light to cool helium atoms to a temperature of about 0.18 µK and capturing the chilled atoms in a trap

184 

Heinrich Rohrer
1933 İsviçre Fizik

codesigned the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), a type of microscope in which a fine conducting probe is held close the surface of a sample





185 

Jeffrey Goldstone
1933 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

contributed to understanding the role of massless particles in spontaneous symmetry breaking (Goldstone bosons)

186 

Steven Weinberg
1933 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

codeveloped gauge field theory of the electroweak interaction

187 

PierreGilles de Gennes
19322007 Fransa Fizik

developed theories in condensed matter physics applicable to liquid crystals and polymers

188 

Tullio Regge
1931 İtalya Fizik

developed the theory of Regge trajectories by investigating the asymptotic behavior of potentialscattering processes through the analytic continuation of the angular momentum to the complex plane

189 

Burton Richter
1931 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

carried out an experiment leading to the discovery of charmonium

190 

George E. Smith
1930 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

coinvented the CCD (chargecoupled device)
