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Isim Yıl Ülke Bilim 
Başarılar 
201 

Yoichiro Nambu
1921 Japonya Fizik

contributed to elementary particle theory; recognized the role played by spontaneous symmetrybreaking in analogy with superconductivity theory; formulated QCD (quantum chromodynamics), the gauge theory of color

202 

Owen Chamberlain
19202006 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

codiscovered the antiproton

203 

Nicolaas Bloembergen
1920 Hollanda Fizik

contributed to the development of laser spectroscopy





204 

Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky
19192007 Almanya Fizik

codiscovered the neutral pion via photoproduction; studied gamma rays from pi captured in hydrogen and first measured the ``Panofsky ratio''

205 

Andrew Wiles
1953 Birleşik Krallık Matematik

Proving “Fermat's Last Theorem”

206 

Frederick Reines
19181998 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

established, together with Clyde L. Cowan, Jr., the existence of the electron antineutrino by detecting them using a reactor experiment

207 

Robert Hofstadter
19151990 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

measured charge distributions in atomic nuclei with highenergy electron scattering; measured the charge and magneticmoment distributions in the proton and neutron

208 

ChienShiung Wu
19121997 Çin Fizik

experimentally proved that parity is not conserved in nuclear beta decay

209 

Edward Mills Purcell
19121997 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

developed method of nuclear resonance absorption that permitted the absolute determination of nuclear magnetic moments; codiscovered a line in the galactic radiospectrum caused by atomic hydrogen

210 

Walter Alvarez
19111988 Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Fizik

constructed huge bubble chambers and discovered many shortlived hadrons; advanced the impact theory for the extinction of the dinosaurs
