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The Greatest Scientists

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By Country

By Name

By Genre

By Year

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-5th - ... - 11th - 13th - 14th - 15th - 16th - 17th - 18th - 19th - 20th - 21th

Century: 17th

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Isaac_Newton_824.jpg
Isaac Newton

1643-1727
United Kingdom
Physics, Astronomy

developed theories of gravitation and mechanics, and invented differential calculus
2 Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz_1552.jpg
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

1646-1716
Germany
Mathematics, Physics

Infinitesimal calculus
3 Blaise_Pascal_828.jpg
Blaise Pascal

1623-1662
France
Physics, Mathematics, Computer science

discovered that pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted undiminished to every part of the fluid and to the walls of its container (Pascal's principle)
4 Galileo_Galilei_1622.jpg
Galileo Galilei

1564-1642
Italy
Astronomy, Physics, Inventions

performed fundamental observations, experiments, and mathematical analyses in astronomy and physics; discovered mountains and craters on the moon, the phases of Venus, and the four largest satellites of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede
5 Johannes_Kepler_1623.jpg
Johannes Kepler

1571-1630
Germany
Astronomy, Physics

established the most exact astronomical tables then known; established the three laws of planetary motion
6 Gottfried_Leibniz_1763.jpg
Gottfried Leibniz

1646-1716
Germany
Computer science, Philosophy, Mathematics

Made advances in symbolic logic, such as the Calculus ratiocinator, that were heavily influential on Gottlob Frege. Made developments in first-order predicate calculus that were crucial for the theoretical foundations of computer science. (1670)
7 Descartes_1547.jpg
Descartes

1596-1650
France
Mathematics

Cartesian coordinate system
8 Robert_Hooke_825.jpg
Robert Hooke

1635-1703
United Kingdom
Physics, Biology, Chemistry

discovered Hooke's law of elasticity; Coined the term cell
9 Robert_Boyle_827.jpg
Robert Boyle

1627-1691
Ireland
Physics, Chemistry

Father of Modern Chemistry; Boyles Law
10 Pierre_de_Fermat_1549.jpg
Pierre de Fermat

1601-1665
France
Mathematics

Fermat's Last Theorem

Last updated: 2018-06-18

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