# 

Name Year Country Science 
achievements 
1 

Benjamin Franklin
17061790 USA Physics, Inventions

the first American physicist; discovered electricity and invented the Franklin stove

2 

Leonard Euler
17071783 Switzerland Physics, Mathematics

made fundamental contributions to fluid dynamics, lunar orbit theory (tides), and mechanics; also contributed prolifically to all areas of classical mathematics





3 

Alessandro Volta
17451827 Italy Physics, Chemistry

pioneer in study of electricity; invented the first electric battery

4 

PierreSimon Laplace
17491827 France Astronomy, Mathematics, Geodesy

made important mathematical contributions to differential equations; promoted the solar nebula hypothesis for the origin of the solar system

5 

Edward Jenner
17491823 United Kingdom Medicine, Biology

Smallpox vaccine; Vaccination

6 

Luigi Galvani
17371798 Italy Physics

pioneer of bioelectricity

7 

James Watt
17361819 United Kingdom Physics, Inventions

invented the modern condensing steam engine and a centrifugal governor

8 

Rudjer Josip Boscovich
17111787 Croatia Physics

precursor of atomic theory;discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon

9 

Daniel Bernoulli
17001782 Switzerland Mathematics, Physics

developed the fundamental relationship of fluid flow now known as Bernoulli's principle

10 

Mikhail Lomonosov
17111765 Russia Chemistry

regarded heat as a form of motion; suggested the wave theory of light; contributed to the formulation of the kinetic theory of gases;
