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The Greatest Scientists

By Ranking

By Country

By Name

By Genre

By Year

Contact

-5th - ... - 13th - 14th - 15th - 16th - 17th - 18th - 19th - 20th - 21th

Century: 18th

# Name
Year
Country
Science
achievements
1 Benjamin_Franklin_816.jpg
Benjamin Franklin

1706-1790
USA
Physics, Inventions

the first American physicist; discovered electricity and invented the Franklin stove
2 Leonard_Euler_1365.jpg
Leonard Euler

1707-1783
Switzerland
Physics, Mathematics

made fundamental contributions to fluid dynamics, lunar orbit theory (tides), and mechanics; also contributed prolifically to all areas of classical mathematics
3 Alessandro_Volta_1367.jpg
Alessandro Volta

1745-1827
Italy
Physics, Chemistry

pioneer in study of electricity; invented the first electric battery
4 Pierre-Simon_Laplace_1634.jpg
Pierre-Simon Laplace

1749-1827
France
Astronomy, Mathematics, Geodesy

made important mathematical contributions to differential equations; promoted the solar nebula hypothesis for the origin of the solar system
5 Edward_Jenner_1793.jpg
Edward Jenner

1749-1823
United Kingdom
Medicine, Biology

Smallpox vaccine; Vaccination
6 Luigi_Galvani_804.jpg
Luigi Galvani

1737-1798
Italy
Physics

pioneer of bioelectricity
7 James_Watt_805.jpg
James Watt

1736-1819
United Kingdom
Physics, Inventions

invented the modern condensing steam engine and a centrifugal governor
8 Rudjer_Josip_Boscovich_813.jpg
Rudjer Josip Boscovich

1711-1787
Croatia
Physics

precursor of atomic theory;discovered the absence of atmosphere on the Moon
9 Daniel_Bernoulli_1568.jpg
Daniel Bernoulli

1700-1782
Switzerland
Mathematics, Physics

developed the fundamental relationship of fluid flow now known as Bernoulli's principle
10 Mikhail_Lomonosov_1139.jpg
Mikhail Lomonosov

1711-1765
Russia
Chemistry

regarded heat as a form of motion; suggested the wave theory of light; contributed to the formulation of the kinetic theory of gases;

Last updated: 2018-12-10

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